Research Database

553 results for "Children"

Associations of School Day Sedentary Behavior and Physical Activity With Gross Motor Skills: Use of Compositional Data Analysis

  • Published on July 31, 2019

Background To examine the relationships among school day sedentary times (SED), light physical activity (LPA), and moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) with gross motor skills in children using Compositional Data Analysis. Methods Participants were 409 children (mean age = 8.4 [1.8] y) recruited across 5 low-income schools. Gross motor skills were assessed using the ...


Total energy expenditure assessed by doubly labeled water technique and estimates of physical activity in Mauritian children: analysis by gender and ethnicity

  • Published on July 29, 2019

Background/objectives In the tropical island of Mauritius, the rise in obesity has accelerated in the past decades, and could be contributed by low physical activity and increased sedentary behavior. The study objectives were to generate the first dataset of total energy expenditure (TEE), to estimate physical activity in Mauritian ...


Predicting Early Emergence of Childhood Obesity in Underserved Preschoolers

  • Published on July 26, 2019

Objective To determine the magnitude of risk of factors that contribute to the emergence of childhood obesity among low-income minority children. Study design We conducted a prospective cohort analysis of parent−child pairs with children aged 3-5 years who were nonobese (n = 605 pairs) who participated in a 3-year randomized controlled ...



Maternal and child factors associated with child body fatness in a Ghanaian cohort

  • Published on July 25, 2019

Objective We aimed to identify factors (child diet, physical activity; maternal BMI) associated with body composition of Ghanaian pre-school children. Design Longitudinal analysis of the International Lipid-Based Nutrient Supplements (iLiNS)-DYAD-Ghana randomized trial, which enrolled 1320 pregnant women at ≤20 weeks’ gestation and followed them and their infants until 6 and 18 months postpartum, ...



Differences in the Physical Activity, Sedentary Time, and BMI of Finnish Grade 5 Students

  • Published on July 9, 2019

Background: This study examined the distribution of objectively measured physical activity (PA) and sedentary time of fifth-grade students during school, leisure time, and physical education (PE) classes. Demographic, anthropometric, and PA data were collected from 17 representative Finnish schools. Methods: To estimate the PA and sedentary time, participants (N = 592) wore wGT3...


A randomized controlled trial for overweight and obesity in preschoolers: the More and Less Europe study – an intervention within the STOP project

  • Published on July 15, 2019

Background Childhood overweight and obesity is a serious public health issue with an increase being observed in preschool-aged children. Treating childhood obesity is difficult and few countries use standardized treatments. Therefore, there is a need to find effective approaches that are feasible for both health care providers and families. Thus, ...


Feasibility and effectiveness of two built environmental interventions on physical activity among 3–5‐year‐old preschoolers

  • Published on July 8, 2019

Purpose The purpose was to examine the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of two built environmental interventions with Head Start preschool children to increase minutes and intensity and total physical activity (PA). Design and Methods A prospective, quasi‐experimental, repeated measures design was conducted in two Head Start centers. Centers were ...


Effects of the Girls on the Move randomized trial on adiposity and aerobic performance (secondary outcomes) in low‐income adolescent girls

  • Published on July 3, 2019

Background Limited, mixed evidence exists regarding the effectiveness of physical activity interventions on adiposity and aerobic performance in adolescent underrepresented populations. Objective To examine effects of Girls on the Move on body mass index z‐scores (BMI‐z), percent (%) body fat, and aerobic performance in fifth‐ to eighth‐grade underrepresented ...