Research Database

65 results for "Chronic Disease"

Validity of six consumer-level activity monitors for measuring steps in patients with chronic heart failure

  • Published on Sep 13, 2019

Introduction: Although numerous activity trackers have been validated in healthy populations, validation is lacking in chronic heart failure patients who normally walk at a slower pace, making it difficult for researchers and clinicians to implement activity monitors during physical activity interventions. Methods: Six consumer-level activity monitors were validated in a 3...


A randomised controlled trial to investigate the use of high-frequency airway oscillations as training to improve dyspnoea in COPD

  • Published on July 29, 2019

Introduction Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterised by expiratory flow limitation resulting in symptomatic dyspnoea, sputum retention and ventilation heterogeneity. Changes in breathing mechanics affect the ability of respiratory muscles to respond to the ventilatory demands, increasing the sensation of dyspnoea. A high-frequency airway oscillating device has been developed ...


Physical activity and health-related quality of life in chronic non-bacterial osteomyelitis

  • Published on July 18, 2019

Background Chronic non-bacterial osteomyelitis (CNO) is an autoinflammatory disorder of the skeletal system of yet unknown etiology. Patients present with local bone pain and inflammation and - to our experience - often suffer from functional impairment with significant disabilities of daily life. The objective of this study was to assess ...


Physical activity patterns among children and adolescents with mild-to-moderate chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis

  • Published on May 2, 2019

Objective Chronic fatigue syndromemyalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME) is relatively common among children and adolescents; however, little is known about the physical activity levels and patterns of this population. The aim of this study was to examine the underlying patterns of physical activity among youth with mild-to-moderate CFS/ME. Cross-sectional associations ...


Daily sedentary time and physical activity as assessed by accelerometry and their correlates in older adults

  • Published on February 18, 2019

Background Higher physical activity is associated with lower chronic disease risk among older adults. However, less is known about the optimal balance between daily physical activity and sedentary time and their correlates among older adults. We described objectively measured physical activity patterns using 7 day hip-accelerometry and assessed its correlates in ...


Daily Step Count as a Simple Marker of Disease Severity in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

  • Published on Jan 31, 2018

Background: Individuals with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) may be asymptomatic or display activity-limiting symptoms. A common cause of symptoms is left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO), which may impact the individuals' ability to undertake physical activity. This study sought to examine daily step count as a potential marker of exercise capacity, ...


A randomised controlled trial of a physical activity and nutrition program targeting middle-aged adults at risk of metabolic syndrome in a disadvantaged rural community

  • Published on 2015

Background: Approximately 70% of Australian adults aged over 50 are overweight or obese, with the prevalence significantly higher in regional/remote areas compared to cities. This study aims to determine if a low-cost, accessible lifestyle program targeting insufficiently active adults aged 50-69 y can be successfully implemented in a rural location, and ...


Associations of Sedentary Time with Fat Distribution in a High-Risk Population.

  • Published on Nov. 10, 2014

Purpose: The effect of sedentary behaviour on regional fat deposition, independent of physical activity remains equivocal. We examined the cross-sectional associations between objectively measured sedentary time and markers of regional fat distribution (heart, liver, visceral, subcutaneous and total body fat) in a population at a high risk of type 2 diabetes ...


Associations of Sedentary Time with Fat Distribution in a High-Risk Population.

  • Published on Nov. 10, 2014

Purpose: The effect of sedentary behaviour on regional fat deposition, independent of physical activity remains equivocal. We examined the cross-sectional associations between objectively measured sedentary time and markers of regional fat distribution (heart, liver, visceral, subcutaneous and total body fat) in a population at a high risk of type 2 diabetes ...


Patterns of Objectively Measured Physical Activity and Sedentary Time in South Asian Women

  • Presented on July 3, 2014

Introduction: South Asian (SA) women in the United Kingdom (UK) are at high risk for the development of chronic diseases such as cardiovascular health disease (CVD) and type 2 diabetes, and the few published studies with these groups indicate low levels of self-reported physical activity (PA). Increasing PA and reducing sedentary ...