Research Database

65 results for "Chronic Disease"

Relationship between objectively measured physical activity and cardiovascular aging in the general population – The EVIDENT trial

  • Published on Jan. 24, 2014

Background Aging has been associated with an increase in arterial stiffness. We analyzed the relationship between regular physical activity and cardiovascular aging evaluated by the radial augmentation index (rAIx), ambulatory arterial stiffness index (AASI), pulse pressure (PP) and heart age in subjects without atherosclerotic disease. Methods A cross-sectional study was ...


Study to Evaluate the Impact of the “PROactive Telecoaching Program” on Physical Activity in Patients With COPD.

  • Added on March 10, 2014

Sponsor: Novartis Pharmaceuticals Collaborators: Innovative Medicines Initiative (PROactive Project), Innovative Medicines Initiative. Information provided by (Responsible Party): Novartis (Novartis Pharmaceuticals) Clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT01992081 Purpose: This study will test two instruments to measure physical activity in COPD patients: A questionnaire and two small physical activity monitors .Patients will be randomized ...


Accelerometry-measured physical activity and inflammation after gestational diabetes

  • Published on July 2013

Purpose Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with adverse metabolic outcomes after delivery. Physical activity practice improves the inflammatory profile; however, whether this association exists in women with prior GDM remains unknown. Our objective was to examine the cardiometabolic and inflammatory risk factors associated with accelerometer-based measures of physical activity ...



Comparison of Pedometer and Accelerometer Derived Steps in Elderly Individuals With Parkinson’s Disease or Osteoporosis Under Free-Living Conditions.

  • Published on Dec. 4, 2013

Aim To compare self-reported pedometer steps with accelerometer steps under free-living conditions in individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) or osteoporosis (OP). Methods Seventy-three individuals with PD and 71 individuals with OP wore a pedometer (Yamax LS2000) and an accelerometer (Actigraph GT1M/GT3X+) simultaneously for one week. Results Fifty-one individuals ...


Sedentary time and markers of chronic low-grade inflammation in a high risk population

  • Published on Oct. 29, 2013

Background Sedentary behaviour has been identified as a distinct risk factor for several health outcomes. Nevertheless, little research has been conducted into the underlying mechanisms driving these observations. This study aimed to investigate the association of objectively measured sedentary time and breaks in sedentary time with markers of chronic low-grade ...


Daily physical activity in ankylosing spondylitis: validity and reliability of the IPAQ and SQUASH and the relation with clinical assessments

  • Published on Aug. 23, 2013

Introduction The aim of this study was to investigate the construct validity and test-retest reliability of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ; long form) and the Short QUestionnaire to Assess Health-enhancing physical activity (SQUASH) and to investigate the relation between daily physical activity and clinical assessments in patients with ankylosing ...


Sedentary activity associated with metabolic syndrome independent of physical activity.

  • Published on February 2011

Objective This study examined the association between objectively measured sedentary activity and metabolic syndrome among older adults. Research Design & Methods Data were from 1,367 men and women, aged ≥ 60 years who participated in the 2003-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Sedentary time during waking hours was measured by an ...


Comparison of ActiGraph activity monitors in persons with multiple sclerosis and controls

  • Published on May 2013

Purpose The current study compared output from the vertical axis of two models of ActiGraph accelerometers under free-living and laboratory conditions in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) and matched controls. Methods The sample included 41 cases of MS and 41 controls matched by age, sex, height and weight. Participants concurrently wore 7164 and ...


How Are Physical Activity, Fitness, and Sedentary Behavior Associated With Insulin Sensitivity in Children?

  • Published on May 11, 2012

Objective To describe the associations among moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), fitness, sedentary behavior (SB), and insulin sensitivity (IS). Research Designs & Methods Data were drawn from the baseline assessment of the QUALITY cohort, which included 630 white youth (aged 8–10 years at recruitment), with at least one obese biological parent. IS was ...