Research Database

60 results for "Chronic Disease"

Real-time Visual Activity Feedback For Physical Activity Improvement In Cancer Patients

  • Presented on June 1, 2013

Physical activity is becoming increasingly recognized as valuable to cancer patients during treatment and rehabilitation. Therefore strategies and measures to encourage patients to become more active and to achieve physical activity recommendations are of great importance. Purpose The study evaluated an accelerometer based biofeedback device by measuring the change of ...


Sedentary/active Behaviors And Cardiometabolic Risk: Protective Effects Of Sleep Duration, Nhanes 2005-2006

  • Presented on May 29, 2013

Optimal sleep duration (7-8h), moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) and light-intensity activity are beneficially associated with cardiometabolic outcomes and related biomarkers, while sedentary time and long (≥9h) or short (<7h) sleep duration are detrimentally associated. Purpose This study examined whether sleep duration modified the relationship between both sedentary/...


Physical Activity And Sedentary Behaviour In Scottish Youth With Type 1 Diabetes

  • Presented on May 29, 2013

Physical activity can benefit the health of youth with Type 1 diabetes. Despite the benefits some studies have found patients do not always meet the physical activity recommendation of 60 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) per day. Physical activity and sedentary behaviour have not been measured previously in Scottish youth with ...


Relationship Between Physical Activity Patterns And Key Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing Variables In Patients With Heart Failure

  • Presented on May 31, 2013

Purpose A hallmark characteristic of heart failure (HF) is reduced physical activity (PA) patterns and functional capacity. The relationship between key cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) variables and PA patterns has not been investigated. To evaluate PA patterns in patients with ischemic HF and its relationship to peak oxygenconsumption (VO2), the ...


Associations Between Objectively Measured Physical Activity Intensity Across Childhood and Measures of Sub-Clinical Atherosclerosis in Adolescence: The European Youth Heart Study

  • Presented on 25 October 2012

Aim Little is known of the longitudinal association between sub-clinical atherosclerosis from childhood to adolescence. Therefore, the aim was investigate the association between physical activity (PA) intensity across childhood and sub-clinical atherosclerosis in adolescence. Methods This was a prospective study of a sample of 236 children (baseline age 8-10 y) with ...


Relationships Between Physical Activity and Awareness and Treatment Status Among Adults With Low Femoral Bone Density in the United States

  • Published on September 2012

Purpose To examine relationships between physical activity (PA) and awareness and treatment status of low bone mineral density (BMD) among adults. Design Cross-sectional. Setting Stratified sample of adults living independently in the community. Subjects A total of 1928 adults aged 50 years and older who participated in the National Health and Nutrition ...


Altered Circadian Rhythmicity in Blood Pressure with Spinal Cord Injury is Not Explained by Differences in Physical Activity

  • Added on July 7, 2012

Introduction Individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) demonstrate attenuation or absence of nocturnal reductions in blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) (Rosado-Rivera et al., 2011; J Spinal Cord Med, 34, 395). Diminished rhythmicity is associated with increased incidence of cardiovascular disease and mortality (Verdecchia et al., 1993; Circ, 88; 986). Differences in the levels of ...


Reduced Postoperative Physical Activity of Children with Congenital Heart Diseases

  • Added on July 7, 2012

Background Children with congenital heart disease (CHD) have a reduced exercise capacity. Studies suggest that prolonged hospitalization might contribute to deconditioning in exercise capacity. This study examined the postoperative physical activity among children with CHD after a hospital stay. Methods 34 children and adolescents with CHD (21 girls, 8.0 years [IQ: 6.0-11.0 years]) ...


Lack of Endogenous Pain Inhibition During Exercise in People with Chronic Whiplash: An Experimental Study

  • Added on July 5, 2012

Introduction Evidence for altered central pain processing and hypersensitivity of the central nervous system, i.e. central sensitization, in chronic whiplash associated disorders (CWAD) is accumulating. Dysfunctional descending inhibitory action is one of the major characteristics of central sensitization and has been studied during exercise in some chronic pain conditions, ...