Research Database

64 results for "Chronic Disease"

Altered Circadian Rhythmicity in Blood Pressure with Spinal Cord Injury is Not Explained by Differences in Physical Activity

  • Added on July 7, 2012

Introduction Individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) demonstrate attenuation or absence of nocturnal reductions in blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) (Rosado-Rivera et al., 2011; J Spinal Cord Med, 34, 395). Diminished rhythmicity is associated with increased incidence of cardiovascular disease and mortality (Verdecchia et al., 1993; Circ, 88; 986). Differences in the levels of ...


Reduced Postoperative Physical Activity of Children with Congenital Heart Diseases

  • Added on July 7, 2012

Background Children with congenital heart disease (CHD) have a reduced exercise capacity. Studies suggest that prolonged hospitalization might contribute to deconditioning in exercise capacity. This study examined the postoperative physical activity among children with CHD after a hospital stay. Methods 34 children and adolescents with CHD (21 girls, 8.0 years [IQ: 6.0-11.0 years]) ...


Lack of Endogenous Pain Inhibition During Exercise in People with Chronic Whiplash: An Experimental Study

  • Added on July 5, 2012

Introduction Evidence for altered central pain processing and hypersensitivity of the central nervous system, i.e. central sensitization, in chronic whiplash associated disorders (CWAD) is accumulating. Dysfunctional descending inhibitory action is one of the major characteristics of central sensitization and has been studied during exercise in some chronic pain conditions, ...



Do Physical Activity, Body Mass Index, and Sleep Duration Predict Clustered Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Children?- A Part of the OPUS Study

  • Added on June 19, 2012

Objective To investigate the single and combined associations of physical activity (PA), body mass index (BMI), and sleep duration with clustering of cardiovascular disease risk markers in healthy children. Methods We did a cross-sectional pilot-study of 74 Danish school children aged 8-11 years. Risk factors included in a continuous metabolic syndrome ...


Mood Disturbance Following Physical Activity (PA) Withdrawal is Associated with Greater Inflammatory Responses to Stress

  • Added on November 18, 2011

Background Regular PA is thought to have positive effects on well-being, which might also be explained by anti-inflammatory processes. Previous research has shown that PA is inversely associated with inflammatory responses to stress but this work has been cross-sectional. Given the pivotal role of stress in promoting inflammation and depression, ...


Physical Activity and Novel Cardiac Risk Markers in Healthy Older Adults

  • Added on November 18, 2011

Background The mechanisms underlying the cardia-protective effects of physical activity in older adults remain poorly understood. We examined the relationship between objectively measured physical activity during free-living and novel cardiac risk markers, including coronary artery calcium (CAC) and pericardial fat (PF). Methods Participants were 446 healthy men and women (mean age=66±6 ...




Physical Activity Before and After Exercise in Women With Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

  • Published on 1998

We measured physical activity after strenuous exercise in 20 women with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), compared to 20 sedentary healthy volunteers who exercised no more than once per week. Activity was measured for 2 weeks using a portable waistworn vertical accelerometer. After the first week of activity monitoring, all participants returned for a ...