Research Database

48 results for "Diabetes"

Sedentary behavior compensation to 1‐year exercise RCT in patients with type 2 diabetes

  • Published on July 19, 2019

Abstract The hypothesis that people may increase sedentary behavior (SB), referred to as “compensation” in response to exercise interventions, have raised concern. The evidence on “compensation” is contradictory and mostly derived from moderate‐intensity continuous training (MICT) interventions lasting less than 1 year. The aim was to investigate whether two types ...


Physical activity prescription for general practice patients with cardiovascular risk factors–the PEPPER randomised controlled trial protocol

  • Published on June 3, 2019

Background The health benefits of physical exercise have been shown to be important in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases in patients with hypertension, dyslipidaemia or diabetes. However, few strategies have demonstrated efficacy and practicality in the promotion of physical exercise among this group of patients in general practice. Methods The ...


A mixed methods study of perceived barriers to physical activity, geriatric syndromes, and physical activity levels among older adults with peripheral artery disease and diabetes

  • Published on March 11, 2019

Previous studies suggest a myriad of factors prevent individuals from engaging in physical activity; however, less is known about barriers faced by individuals with multiple chronic conditions, such as peripheral artery disease (PAD) and type 2 diabetes, and how these barriers may impact engagement in physical activity. To date, there are ...


Video Games That Encourage Healthy Behavior Did Not Alter Fasting Insulin or Other Diabetes Risks in Children: Randomized Clinical Trial

  • Published on August 2, 2019

Background Previous research indicates games for health have substantial promise in promoting change in children's diet and physical activity (PA) behavior for obesity and diabetes prevention, but the research has generally not been rigorous. The study reported here was an efficacy trial of two role-playing video games played in sequence, “...


Multi-modal Predictive Models of Diabetes Progression

  • Published on July 29, 2019

Abstract: With the increasing availability of wearable devices, continuous monitoring of individuals' physiological and behavioral patterns has become significantly more accessible. Access to these continuous patterns about individuals' statuses offers an unprecedented opportunity for studying complex diseases and health conditions such as type 2 diabetes (T2D). T2D is a ...



Contribution of lower physical activity levels to higher risk of insulin resistance and associated metabolic disturbances in South Asians compared to Europeans

  • Published on May 7, 2019

Background: Insulin resistance and related metabolic disturbances are major risk factors for the higher T2D risk and associated morbidity and mortality amongst South Asians. The contribution of physical activity to the increased prevalence of insulin resistance and related disturbances amongst South Asians is unknown. Methods: We recruited 902 South Asian ...



Objectively Measured Physical Activity and Sedentary Time Are Associated With Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in Adults With Prediabetes: The PREVIEW Study

  • Published on Feb. 20, 2019

Objective: The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to examine the association among physical activity (PA), sedentary time (ST), and cardiometabolic risk in adults with prediabetes. Research Design and Methods: Participants (n = 2,326; 25–70 years old, 67% female) from eight countries, with a BMI >25 kg ⋅ m−2 and impaired fasting glucose (5.6–6.9 mmol ⋅ L−1) ...


Protocol for a clinical trial of text messaging in addition to standard care versus standard care alone in prevention of type 2 diabetes through lifestyle modification in India and the UK

  • Published on Sept. 10, 2018

Background: Type 2 diabetes is a serious clinical problem in both India and the UK. Adoption of a healthy lifestyle through dietary and physical activity modification can help prevent type 2 diabetes. However, implementing lifestyle modification programmes to high risk groups is expensive and alternative cheaper methods are needed. We are using ...