Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO, USA
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Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in obese adolescent females is associated with multi-tissue insulin resistance and visceral adiposity markers
- Published on June 11, 2019
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with insulin resistance (IR) and visceral adiposity in adults and boys, but girls with NAFLD are understudied. We sought to evaluate adipose, liver, and skeletal muscle insulin sensitivity in obese adolescent females with or without hepatic steatosis (HS) (intrahepatic triglyceride (IHTG) content >5.5%) along with cardiometabolic components typically associated with IR.
73 obese adolescent girls at high risk for NAFLD were enrolled. Participants underwent fasting labs, an MRI to measure IHTG and visceral fat, 31phosphorous MR spectroscopy for muscle mitochondrial function, 1H MR spectroscopy for intramyocellular lipid (IMCL), bicycle ergometry to assess VO2peak and a 4-phase hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp with isotope tracers to measure hepatic and peripheral IR. 29 participants had HS [age 15 yrs(13,16), BMI%ile 98.7(97.4,99.0), IHTG 10.4%(8.0,13.5)] and 44 did not [age 15 yrs(13,17), BMI%ile 98.5(96.2,99.0), IHTG 2.0%(1.1,3.0)].
During hyperinsulinemia, participants with HS vs. non-HS had failure to suppress free fatty acids (p = 0.008), endogenous glucose release (p = 0.002), and a lower glucose metabolic rate of disappearance (Rd) (p = 0.012). Girls with NALFD also had higher visceral fat (p < 0.001), systolic blood pressure (p = 0.026), triglycerides (p = 0.02), ALT (p < 0.01) and white blood cell count (p < 0.01), and lower adiponectin (p = 0.02). There was no difference between girls with and without HS in systemic glycerol turnover measured with glycerol release, or in IMCL, mitochondrial function or VO2peak.
Obese adolescent girls with HS have evidence of multi-tissue IR, visceral adiposity, inflammation and multiple components of the metabolic syndrome, arguing for close cardiometabolic surveillance over time of girls with HS.
- Melanie Cree-Green 1,2
- Sonalee Ravi 1,3
- Anne-Marie Carreau 1
- Rachel Sewell 1
- Amy Baumgartner 1
- Gregory Coe 1
- Bryan C. Bergman 4
- Ann Scherzinger 5
- Thomas Jensen 4
- Laura Pyle 6
- Kristen J. Nadeau 1,2,3
Center for Women's Health Research, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO, USA
Barbara Davis Center for Childhood Diabetes, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO, USA
Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO, USA
Department of Radiology, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO, USA
Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO, USA